Wednesday, October 2, 2019

Geeta No Bodh

Oct. 02, 2019.

Following link is for Bhagvad Geeta Explained in form of simple Q & A + Clear Command/Order/આદેશ in Gujarati Language. Please Copy/Past the following Link to read the PDF file

May the same be helpful to the readers

Many Thanks

S.P Mehta
Ahmedabad /Bhaarat
Mob # +91 94084 91925

Wednesday, July 25, 2018

What People of Bhaarat are looking for from the elected MPs after 2019 Election:

From: Shailesh P Mehta 

+1 312 608 9836; +91 94084 91925

 August 01, 2018.

Berkeley CA/USA

What People of Bhaarat are looking for from the elected MPs after 2019 Election:

Lord Macaulay made minor change in Bhaartiya education system that effectively made the entire Bhaartiya population mentally slave of Britain.
Bahadurshah Zafar rightly quoted then : लम्हों में गुनाह कीये हैं .. सदीयों में सझा पायेंगे..
Pendulum is swing now in opposite direction in democratic Bhaarat, after people voted in last election to defeat Ruling coalition .
Election is now on horizon again in early 2019 Aprox. 6 months away.
“What small correction can bring ‘sea-change’ to reverse the on-going slavery trend post independence/the year 1947 ?? “
My pleasure to share some thoughts on the subject, primarily to move away from present & defeating व्यवसाय लक्षी style living to gain everlasting जीवन-लक्षी ideology, to get back the cultural esteem enjoyed by Bhaartiya for several Milliniya..

People of Bhaarat are fed-up of the party politics. The candidate nominated by the party can or may remain faithful or committed to the party BUT can never be committed to voters, on the strength of whom he/she gain the position of MP. The present operating system have failed. This need to be changed, with the following masterplan elements that can put the nation on to the path of prosperity & help Bhaarat & Bhaartiya leaders in the Globe Arena Following changes are required:
On Constitution front:
1. The candidate need to be committed to the given promises to the voters preelection manifestos
2. Need to declare Nation as Bhaarat (Not India); following Sanatan Norms that is synonyms to constant laws of nature & thus be called Hindu Rastra.
3. Change the constitution for MPs & IAS/ICS to be called BAS/BCS staff serving interest of people of the nation (Not the constitution). 4. Remove special privileges provided to minority + Remove Article 370. From constitution.
5. By negotiations, Annex to Pakistan & Bangladesh as NON-Hindu states of Bhaarat having same currency & laws people of those states with special privilege of owning homes & business for non-Hindus. Anywhere else, they can’t vote or own 100% Business or homes. Everywhere else, the non-hindu sect to need 51% partnership with Hindu National
On economic front:
6. Shade two digits from the present Indian Rupee currency making 1 Rs = 100 Rs = US $ 0.66 ; 1 Gr. Of 999.99 Purity Gold = 3.2 Rupees.
7. Replace all Taxes by minimum 0.2 to maximum 02% transection tax + all transections conveniently via Bank only.
8. Print expiry date on each currency note/coin of 5 years. Such that currency accumulation & Inflation dies down
9. Print & inject the currency in to the banks-account of population of Bhaarat via employment for National Development Program (NDP), for 5 years each individual, between age 16 & 26 for more physical work & for age 46 & 56 for responsible admin work @ new Rs 150 per month. (Such that every by 4th person will be Govt. employee for at-lest 10 years in life. & every home have Government printed/minted/circulated Money. Money becomes available, bribing to get work done from Government circuit becomes obsolete.)
10. Replace life time pension with 25 % of gross salary earned during working years, paid over 120 monthly after retirement.
11. Establish “High Quality in time’ + additional rewards for it” Goals high such that respect to quality is enhanced & blackmailing by non-payment of money dies down.
12. 3 generations must live under one roof 13. Energy is made available at cost price without booking profit on it.
14. Land is made available on lease owned agreement for 1 generation (25 years), extendable for next 1 generation (Next 25 years) @ fixed half yearly revenue such that cost of land gets eliminated for all developments. All the land belong to the Nation. No individual ownership.
15. Entrepreneurs to be encouraged & supported by the Government for international trade as modeled by China.
16. Pact with China to trade in Bhaartiya Rupee for all give & take
17. Present education system to be replaced with original Gurukul style education that enable ward to be able to cater the need of 10 persons by their Physical skill & ability
18. Governing or funding to education by society & get deregulated from Governmental say.
19. Preventive Health-care on the basis of Ayurveda to be part of education program. Allopathy to be discouraged. Temple Management :
20. Temple management need to be set free from governmental control.
21. Make Temple be responsible for funding & managing for regional education + Health care with the zonal competitions to excel. Administration of Nation:
22. The present state system to be replaced by 9 zones : N for North , NE for North East , E for East , ES for East south , S for South , SW for South West, W for West , WN for West North , & C for Central. The division to be made to proportionate approximate equal population in each zone.
Fine tuning to the above as needed to be made to formulate the progressive Bhaarat to make it future forerunner of the developing globe.

Wednesday, March 29, 2017

Why GST ?? !! Is there a better option ?? Please read this

Why GST ?? !! Is there a better option ?? Please read this 

I saw scholarly debate on GST in LS on March 29, 2017.

On the count of effort by the ruling Government to unify the tax to be collected of the effort of a common citizen, it may be good but there was no attempt to set free the common man from the bondage of Govt. depth.
The attempt need to be the money cost for all goods-services to be as low as possible & it be constant such that need/greed of money dies down.
An individual, who is not allowed to produce money, simply cannot pay any tax in terms of money.
Govt. need money to pay their salary & national development program that are for common good for all & that they can print & put in to circulation against national human & natural resource.
The element of human resource is productive for 25% of life span out of which 20 % can be assumed as tax to the National development program, that Government need to administrate. People are poor of money because bad administration of the Government but not poor of ability.
So each individual is employed by the Government for the period of say 10 years between their age 16 & 41 years, that is their highest energy years, Nation gets best of the efforts of the human resource + rewarded with enough Government produced Money such that the need & the greed of money dies down & the focus is on the Quality of life, living & National Development for which, enough Government created money is always available.
As it is, natural resource including land is free of money cost. All the money required is for human efforts that too for barter-ability. Otherwise, all are born & die free of the permission of the Government & live for free of money cost by their own ability & interaction with the Mother Nature. Mother Nature gives back in abundance in return of little human effort such that everyone has enough to live & prosper without the need of money.
What Government need to do is instead of taxing the common individual /every one for their honest efforts & natural living rights to be prosperous by their ability & interaction with nature; Government need to Pay-in Cash each individual, for the period of 10 years by taking their services for the National Development agenda Instead of asking for the payment of tax in form of cash/money.
The part of the National Development program need to be
-- Creating infrastructure to cater Roti-Kapda-Makaan for all at all the times.& Reinstate the spirit of family unity fortress, that provides protection & education to live for eachother.
-- Keep out of being "Trader" to any service, instead as much as possible make all facilities either free or of low price-tag to just cover the cost.
-- Provide energy to all free of cost or at as low cost as possible; that generates best productivity & Comfort to all individuals.
-- Create Quality infrastructure to comfortable mobility across the Nation such that all human energy is integrated & add-in ability to live/work anywhere, that may avoid polarization to uncomfortable only city life.
-- Create schooling/Learning program based on Vedic Norms/Constant Laws of Nature that makes each one able for living & performing (in line with nature’s law), starting at the age 16 years..  Higher education in their work field with practical while working. By virtue of education, make each one “Yog-Pravin” such that they do their duty with full concentration of mind & body, that they always do their job right the first time & with practice in speed such that they don’t need to be supervised.
-- Replace present Health-Care with Life Saving Aurvedic health care & its knowledge as fundamental learning in early years of life.
-- Create 5 zones to replace all states & central territory to reduce non producing governance cost.
-- Link Value of Money & commodity to gold & Humen work-hour standard to fix cost for ever.
-- Abolish pension scheme to Govt. employees & replace it with Social security to all for their survival skills in inability years.
-- Adopt “Jeevan-Lakshi” Ideology & get away from ideology ruled by capitalism.. to regain/scale culturally advance civilization, that world population may want to copy..

All this was living style in Bhaarat before British brought in their education & money + administration to ruin Bhaartiya Asmita.
Past 70 years of Independence in Bhaarat & now with BJP & Individuals like PM NaMo & Sate CM Aditynaath & their supporting team in Ruling chair, this is simply possible.
Not only them to do things But as an individual, even we need to live this vision as member of family, society & Nation.

Yes it is possible. 

S.P Mehta
+91 94084 91925

Sunday, February 5, 2017

For Narendra Modi

From G-mail source - I agree too..

Madhusudan H Jhaveri <> wrote:


Dr. Madhu Jhaveri  ------- I DID ------

मोदी जी नियरे निन्दक:
डॉ. मधुसूदन

(एक)लेखनी वीरों को अवसर ही अवसर:
जबान फडफडाकर या लेखनी घिसड घिसड कर आलोचना करने में क्या जाता है?
आलोचना आसान है। आराम कुर्सी में मेंढक (प्रेक्षक)बन बैठे रहो;और टर्राते रहो।
अपने व्यवसाय में डूबे पैसा कमाने से जिन्हें फुरसत नहीं, वे दूर से मज़ा देखकर जबान की चर्पट पंजरी चलाते रहते हैं,और मोदी की कार्यवाहियों में मीन मेख निकालते रहते हैं; मार्गदर्शन करते हैं। जानते नहीं, कि, नरेन्द्र मोदी के सामने अनगिनत समस्याएँ हैं;काफी गम्भीर समस्याएँ! टंगी तलवारों-सी लटकती गम्भीर समस्याएँ-जो दशकों से लटकी पडी हैं।
      फिर भी, यह भारत माता का विनम्र सेवक दुर्दम्य ऊर्जा से दिन-रात माँ की सेवा में, लगा हुआ है। जो इसे अंतरबाह्य जानना चाहें, वें इसकी लिखी कविताओं की(गुजराती)पुस्तक *साक्षी भाव* पढें। भारतीय संस्कृति में श्रद्धा रखनेवाला, और उसके लिए दिन-रात कर्मठता से प्रयास करनेवाला, कर्मयोगी प्रधान मंत्री,आज तक के भारत के इतिहास में देखा नहीं; झूठ बोले कौआ काटे।

(दो)भारत माँ का लाल:
यह भारत माँ का लाल,प्रति दिन,४-५ घण्टे सोता है; योग-ध्यान भी करता है; अम्बा माँ का भक्त है।अम्बा माँ को लिखी इसकी गुजराती कविताएँ जिन्हों ने पढी होगी, वें जानते हैं। इसे, तितर-बितर करके घोंसला सौंपा गया था; उसे ही ठीक करने में लगा है।सारे चूहे जहाज डुबाकर भाग गए; और उपर से राष्ट्र की प्रगति में, बाधाएँ खडी कर रहें हैं। साथ साथ,अनपढ जनता को भरमा रहे हैं। बिकाउ मीडिया भी साथ दे रहा है।
पर, डूबते जहाज को बचाने ये भगीरथ अथक प्रयास कर रहा है। यह शुद्ध चारित्र्य वाला बन्दा योग करता है; शराब नहीं पीता; शाकाहारी है; और *कृण्वन्तो विश्वमार्यम* का आदर्श ले के चलता है। जानता है, भारत की वैश्विकता, विश्वगुरूता आधिपत्यवादी, संघर्षवादी  या वर्चस्ववादी नहीं है, समन्वयवादी है, सुसंवादवादी है। यही भारत की विशेषता है।
दुर्भाग्य है, संघर्षवादी शक्तियाँ भी भारत को अपने दर्पण में, स्वयं के संघर्षवादी प्रतिबिम्ब की भाँति देखती है।
पर मोदी, भारत में भी सभीका साथ चाहता है, सभी के विकास के लिए।
डाक्टर की औषधि भी पथ्यापथ्य में साथ दिए बिना परिणाम करती नहीं; तो यहाँ साथ दिए बिना,
सभी का विकास कैसे होगा? फिर यही लोग पूछेंगे कि, सबके  विकास का क्या हुआ? सारे बालटी में अपना पैर गाडकर मोदी से बालटी उठवा रहें हैं।और उपरसे पूछेंगे कि सबके विकास का क्या हुआ?
 साथ काला धन वाले भ्रष्टाचारी, साथ देंगे नहीं, और कहेंगे, कि,मोदी तू विकास कर के तो दिखा।

(तीन)किस कलंक पर लिखोगे?
रक्षात्मक उपायों से उसने,अपने चारित्र्य पर,आक्रात्मकता से (?) बचने के लिए, स्वयं को किलेबन्द कर सुरक्षित कर लिया है। अरे, जिन कार्यकर्ताओं और मित्रों ने दिनरात घूम घूम कर चुनाव में प्रचार किया था; उनसे भी मिलता नहीं है। मित्र भी समझदार है। समझते हैं, कि, भय है,कहीं विरोधक उंगली उठाएंगे तो?

(चार)पर कौनसे कलंक पर आप उंगली उठाओगे?
भ्रष्टाचार के? तो टिकेगा नहीं।
भाई भतिजावाद के?
परिवार के सदस्यों से भी दिल्ली में मिलता हुआ सुना नहीं।
काला धन आरोप ?
विशेष सफेद धन भी पास नहीं है।
स्विस बँक अकाउण्ट का आरोप ?
कोई प्रमाण नहीं।
कांचन और कामिनी?
न कांचन है, न कामिनी है।

(पाँच)भगवान बुद्धका आदर्श:
इसने भी भगवान बुद्ध की भाँति विवाहित जीवन का त्याग किया है।
बुद्ध ने तो पुत्र जन्म के बाद विवाहित जीवन का त्याग किया था।
इसने उसके पहले ही।
और, महाराष्ट्र के स्वामी रामदास ने भी विवाह के मंत्रोच्चारण में *शुभ मंगल सावधान* सुनकर सावधान हो कर,पलायन किया था।
तब विवाह के समय नरेंद्र की आयु भी(सुना है) १७ की ही थीं-नाबालिग और निर्दोष था। उसको विवश करनेवालों को दोष देना छोडकर नरेंद्र को ही दोषी मानना गलत है।
(छः)सूट पर कव्वालियाँ:
पर, जब टिकाकारों को कुछ हाथ नहीं लगता; तो फिर उसके सूट पर कव्वालियाँ लिखते हैं।और दुनिया भर के प्रवास पर संपादकीय (एडिटोरियल),लिखे जाते हैं।
पर, परदेश से निवेश की संभावना और सांख्यिकी अंधों को दिखती नहीं है।
इसने दो ही वर्षॊं में, दुनियाभर में भारत का सर ऊंचा उठा दिया है। जिस अमरिका ने बरसों तक प्रवेश (विसा) नहीं दिया था; उसने लाल दरी बिछाकर स्वागत किया था। (पर इन निन्दकों को यह दिखता नहीं है।}

(सात) नरेन्द्रके दोष:
कालाधन जिस शासन के रहते हुए स्विस बँन्क में पहुंचा था; उनका कोई दोष नहीं माना ? पर इस नरेन्दरवा का दोष है; क्यों कि, उसने काला धन  वापस नहीं लाया।  उसी पर लिख्खो और उसी काले धन का हिस्सा पाओ।यह बिका हुआ मीडिया भी एक दिन पकडा जाएगा-भगवान करे, ऐसा ही हो।

 जिस सेक्युलर पार्टी नें अनुनय का आश्रय लेकर देशको बांट दिया; उसका दोष नहीं।असहिष्णुता का झूठा आधार लेकर, मोदी शासन का दोष प्रमाणित करने अवार्ड वापस हुए। ऐसी विभाजनवादी विचारधारा ने, सहिष्णुता का प्रमाण पत्र देने,राष्ट्रीय निष्ठा को असहिष्णु  बना दिया।
भारत को चाहनेवालों को समझना होगा; कि, हिन्दुत्व के वट वृक्ष तले ही सभी सुरक्षित रह पाएंगे। सहिष्णुता हिन्दुत्व की ही देन है।
जरा निम्न समीकरण का उत्तर दीजिए।
(नौ)भारत - हिन्दुत्व = ?
 भारत - हिन्दुत्व = ?
भारत से हिन्दुत्व हटा तो सहिष्णुता समाप्त हो जाएगी।
बिना हिन्दुत्व का भारत भारत ही नहीं होगा।
युनानो मिस्रो रूमा जैसे भारत भी मिट जाएगा।
भारत की पहचान हिन्दुत्व से ही है। बिना हिन्दुत्व भारत एक जमीन का टुकडा रह जाएगा।

(दस) मोदी को श्रेय:

दूर सुरक्षित और आरक्षित स्थान पर बैठे बैठे,आप मोदी को, प्रमाण पत्र देते रहिए।और कहीं उसकी गलती होने पर, अपनी ही पीठ ठोकते रहिए।अकर्मण्य मूर्ख तालियाँ बजानेवाले स्वयं को उस भगीरथ से बडा समझते हैं। और बताते हैं,कि कैसे (परिश्रमी भगीरथ की ठोकरों की)इन्होंने  पहले ही  भविष्य़वाणी की थी।बिलकुल प्रेडिक्ट कर दिया था।पर, श्रेय आपका नहीं, श्रेय(क्रेडिट) उसका है, जो रणक्षेत्रमें जूझ रहा है।

(ग्यारह)रूजवेल्ट का कथन:
रूजवेल्ट===>कुछ अलग शब्दों में यही कहते हैं। जिसका चेहरा धूल, पसीने और खून से लथपथ  है; जो वीरता  का परिचय दे रहा है। उससे  गलतियाँ भी हो सकती हैं। क्योंकि
त्रुटि और क्षतियों  के बिना कोई प्रयास होता ही नहीं । लेकिन बंदा फिरसे
अपने आप को सुधार भी लेता है। यह मौलिक नेतृत्व है। किसी सुनिश्चित रेखापर चलकर कोई
मौलिक नहीं हो सकता। ईश्वर करे, मोदी सफल हो; जो इस भगीरथ अभियान में स्वयं को खपा रहा है। धन्य है। क्या मोदी को भी स्विस अकाउण्ट में काला धन जमा करना है?

आराम से बैठे बैठे कभी तालियाँ बजाकर तालियों को ही सफलता का श्रेय देनेवाले सज्जनों और यदि असफल हुआ, तो उसका  ठीकरा मोदी के सर फोडनेवाले वाकपटुओं को रुझवेल्ट का उद्धरण देख लेना चाहिए। कहते हैं, जो क्रियावान है, वही पण्डित है । (यः क्रियावान् स हि पण्डितः)
भारत में आलोचकों की त्रुटि नहीं। पैसे के पसेरी मिल जाएँगे। पहलवान कैसे हारा का,विश्लेषण करनेवाले को कोई श्रेय नहीं दिया जा सकता।
(बारह)मूल अंग्रेज़ी:
It is not the critic who counts; not the man who points out how the strong man stumbles, or where the doer of deeds could have done them better. The credit belongs to the man who is actually in the arena, whose face is marred by dust and sweat and blood; who strives valiantly; who errs, who comes short again and again, because there is no effort without error and shortcoming; but who does actually strive to do the deeds; who knows great enthusiasms, the great devotions; who spends himself in a worthy cause; who at the best knows in the end the triumph of high achievement, and who at the worst, if he fails, at least fails while daring greatly, so that his place shall never be with those cold and timid souls who neither know victory nor defeat.

(बारह)साथ किसका?
 साथ तो उसका दिया जाए, जो अथाह  परिश्रम  कर रहा है। दिनरात भारत के भव्य स्वप्न को सामने रख कर जूझ रहा है। ऐसे कर्म योगी भगीरथ पर मैं मेरी सारी साख दाँव पर लगाने के लिए सिद्ध हूँ।
दो वर्ष पूर्व अमावस्या की अंधकारभरी दारूण निराशा को इस लाल ने  आज आशा में बदल दिया है। यह किसी भी चमत्कार से कम नहीं।
इस सच्चाई को अस्वीकार करनेवाले पूर्वाग्रह दूषित, कालाधन वाले, भ्रष्टाचार से लिप्त लोग हैं। सारे विरोधक अपने अपने स्वार्थ से प्रेरित हो, छद्म विरोधका चोला ओढे हैं।
दुर्भाग्य है, कुछ अज्ञानी जनता को, उकसाकर अपना स्वार्थ सिद्ध करनेवाले, और देश को गर्त में ढकेलनेवाले नाटकी नौटंकीबाज भी साथ है।
महा-भ्रष्टाचारी कांग्रेस और सटरं-पटरं  पार्टियों की देश-घातकी अदूरदर्शी घोर स्वार्थी नीतियों से भी उसे निपटना है। देश विरोधी एन जी ओ ज़ भी इनके साथ है। एन जी ओ तो छद्म रीतिसे भारत को खोखला करने सुसज्जित है। साथ है, अज्ञानी अनपढ जिन्हें भ्रष्ट नेता उकसाकर राजनीति कर रहे हैं।

(तेरह) संसार की पाँच शक्तियाँ
संसार की  बडी पाँच शक्तियाँ  दोहरी नीतियाँ अपनाती रहेंगी। अंतर्राष्ट्रीय कूट नीति की पुस्तकें स्पष्ट कहती हैं। ये पांच हमारी (कॉम्पिटिटर) स्पर्धक भी हैं, और हमारी समृद्धि से लाभ उठाने के लिए लालायित भी, इस लिए मित्रता का दिखावा भी करती रहेंगी। जब साथ देंगी तो शब्दों के फूल बिखेरेगी। यह हृदय परिवर्तन नहीं है।  जब साथ नहीं होगी, तो, फिलॉसॉफी झाड कर उदासीनता (Neutrality) का अभिनय करेंगी। जिससे उनका अपना कम से कम नुकसान होगा। Politics Among Nations नामक हॅन्स मॉर्गन्थाउ लिखित Text book पाठ्य पुस्तक ऐसा ही कहती है।
(चौदह) कृष्ण की चतुराई

पर हमारे बंदे को, कृष्ण की चतुराई से काम लेना है। राम के आदर्श को सामने रखने का यह अवसर नहीं है। उसे चतुर भी होना है। सभीका साथ भी चाहिए। और सभीका विकास भी चाहिए।
इस घोर कलियुग में भ्रष्ट भारतीय राजनैतिक परिस्थिति में, अकेला  भगीरथ जूझ रहा है। सामने सांडों का संगठित विरोध है। साथ घर के भेदी भी हैं। अपनत्व की छद्म पहचान  बनाकर  भी आए हैं।
आश्चर्य है, कि,मोदी सभी पर भारी है।एक मित्र मोदी की टिका कर रहे थे। मैंने पूछा आप के मत में मोदी से अच्छा चुनाव जीतने की क्षमता वाला कौन सा नेता है?
उन्होंने बहुत सोचा। कोई उत्तर नहीं दे पाए।

 मैं इस भारत माँ के पुत्र पर दाँव लगाने तैयार हूँ।

Who built Mumbai..


According to ancient history, a grouping of seven islands comprising Colaba, Mazagaon, Old Woman's Island, Wadala, Mahim, Parel, and Matunga-Sion formed a part of the kingdom of Ashoka the Great of Magadh, ironically in North India.

The seven islands of Mumbai passed through many hands, the sultans of
Gujarat, the Portuguese and the British. Every ruler left behind proof of
residence in Mumbai.

The Mauryans left behind the Kanheri, Mahakali and the caves of Gharapuri
more popularly called Elephanta. The sultans of Gujarat built the Dargahs at
Mahim and Haji Ali, the Portuguese built the two Portuguese churches, one at Prabhadeviand the other St Andrews at Bandra.

They built forts at Sion, Mahim, Bandra and Bassien. The Portuguese named
the group of seven Islands 'Bom Baia', Good Bay. The British built a city
out of the group of seven islands and called her Bombay.

The original settlers of the seven islands, the Koli fishermen, worshiped
Mumbaidevi, her temple still stands at Babulnath near Chowpatty. The Kolis
called the island Mumbai, 'Mumba, Mother Goddess'.

In 1662, King Charles II of England married the Portuguese Princess
Catherine of Braganza, and received the seven islands of Bom Baia as part of his dowry. Six years later, the British Crown leased the seven islands to
the English East India Company for a sum of 10 pounds in gold per annum. It was under the English East India Company that the future megapolis began to take shape, after the first war for independence Bombay once again became a colony of the British Empire.

History has forgotten this but the first Parsi settler came to Bombay in 1640, he was Dorabji Nanabhoy Patel. In 1689-90, a severe plague epidemic broke out in Bombay and most of the European settlers succumbed to it.
The Siddi of Janjira attacked in full force. Rustomji Dorabji Patel, a trader
and the son of the city's first Parsi settler, successfully defeated the Siddi with the help of the Kolis and saved Bombay.

Gerald Aungier, Governor of Bombay built the Bombay Castle, an area that is even today referred to as Fort. He also constituted the Courts of law. He brought Gujarati traders, Parsi shipbuilders, Muslim and Hindu manufacturers from the mainland and settled them in Bombay.

It was during a period of four decades that the city of Bombay took shape. Reclamation was done to plug the breach at Worli and Mahalakshmi, Hornby
Vellard was built in 1784. The Sion Causeway connecting Bombay to Salsette was built in 1803. Colaba Causeway connecting Colaba island to Bombay was built in 1838. A causeway connecting Mahim and Bandra was built in 1845.

Lady Jamsetjee Jeejeebhoy, the wife of the First Baronet Jamsetjee Jeejeebhoy donated Rs 1,57,000 to meet construction costs of the causeway. She donated Rs. 1,00,000 at first.. When the project cost escalated and money ran out half way through she donated Rs 57,000 again to ensure that the vital causeway was completed. Lady Jamsetjee stipulated that no toll would ever be charged for those using the causeway. Today Mumbaikars have to pay Rs 75 to use the Bandra-Worli Sealink, connecting almost the same two islands. Sir J J Hospital was also built by Sir Jamsetjee Jeejeebhoy.

The shipbuilding Wadia family of Surat was brought to Bombay by the British.

Jamshedji Wadia founded the Bombay Port Trust and built the Princess Dock in 1885 and the Victoria Dock and the Mereweather Dry Docks in 1891. Alexandra Dock was built in 1914.

A Gujarati civil engineer supervised the building of the Gateway of India.
The Tatas made Bombay their headquarters and gave it the iconic Taj Mahal Hotel and India 's first civilian airlines, Air India. The Godrejs gave
India its first vegetarian soap.

Cowasji Nanabhai Daver established Bombay 's first cotton mill, 'The Bombay Spinning Mills' in 1854. By 1915, there were 83 textile mills in Bombay largely owned by Indians.

This brought about a financial boom in Bombay. Although the mills were owned by Gujaratis, Kutchis, Parsis and Marwaris, the workforce was migrant
Mahrashtrians from rural Maharashtra. Premchand Roychand, a prosperous
Gujarati broker founded the Bombay Stock Exchange. Premchand Roychand
donated Rs 2,00,000 to build the Rajabai Tower in 1878.

Muslim, Sindhi and Punjabi migrants have also contributed handsomely to

Apart from its original inhabitants, the Kolis, everyone else in Mumbai, are

When the Shiv Sena came to power in 1993, under the guise of reverting to
the original name they replaced Bombay with Mumbai.

This article was written on February 7, 2010 by Tushar Gandhi, founder/president, Mahatma Gandhi Foundation, and the grandson of Gandhiji.

Saturday, February 4, 2017

Religion Or Cult ?? !!

This videos says everything about hatred spreading by followers of Islamic cult (which is not religion; & for that matter, HUMANITY is the only RELIGION, rest are all cults/path.) The so called MODERATE Muslims need either to give-up Islam OR allowed to be called "extremist". As it is ..
Extremism/Nazism can not called RELIGION..
It is only destructive force ..
Thus, best it to be extinct from the face of the 🌏 earth ..
 I am with those who believe in it.
The following  clips more or less proves the above point.

Wednesday, April 27, 2016

Manusruti on Women

Manusruti on Women

Manu Smruti ( references in end of the text)

Importance of happy women

3.55. A father, brother, husband or brother-in-law should keep their daughter, sister, wife or sister-in-law happy and pleased through gentle words, respectful behavior, gifts etc. Those who desire prosperity should ensure that women in their family are always happy and do not face miseries.

3.57. A family where women remain unhappy due to misdeeds of their men is bound to be destroyed. And a family where women are always happy is bound to prosper forever.

3.58. A family- where women feel insulted or discriminated against and curse their menfolk- is destroyed in same manner as poison kills all those who eat it.

3.59. One desiring glory should ensure that he keeps women in the family by giving them respect and pleasing them with good ornaments, dresses, food. Women should always be revered under all circumstances.

3.62. A person who does not keep her wife happy causes misery for entire family. And if wife is happy, entire family appears as happiness incarnate.

9.26. Women give birth to next generation. They enlighten the home. They bring fortune and bliss. Hence women are synonymous to Prosperity.

This shloka forms the basis of women being called Ghar ki Laxmi or ‘Goddess of Fortune in Home‘ in India even till today.

9.28. Woman is the source of all kinds of happiness in all generations – be it from children, or from noble benevolent deeds or through conjugal bliss or through service of elders.

In other words, woman is the primary source of bliss in many forms – sometimes as mother, sometimes as daughter, sometimes as wife and sometimes as a partner in spiritual deeds. It also means that participation of women is necessary for conduct of any religious or spiritual activity.

9.96. Man and Woman are incomplete without each other. Hence the most ordinary religious duty would demand participation of both.

Thus, those who deny Vedas or Vedic rituals to women are anti-Hindu and anti-Humanity.

4.180. A wise man should not indulge in fights and arguments with his family members including mother, daughter and wife.

9.4. A father who does not marry his daughter to a deserving groom deserves condemnation. A husband who does not fulfill just demands of her wife deserves condemnation. A son who does not take care of her widow mother deserves condemnation.

Polygamy is a sin

9.101. Husband and Wife should remain together till death. They should not approach any other partner, nor commit adultery. This, in summary, is the Dharma or religion of all human beings.

Thus those societies which justify polygamy or sex-slavery or temporary marriage are bound to suffer miseries because they neglect the core tenet of Dharma.

 Autonomy of Women

9.11.  Women should be provided autonomy and leadership in managing the finances, maintaining hygiene, spiritual and religious activities, nutrition and overall management of home.

The shloka clearly puts aside false claims that women do not have right to conduct religious rituals of Vedas. On contrary, women should lead such rituals. Thus all those people who suggest that women do not have right to study or practice Vedas are against Manu and Vedas. Such bigoted people are the cause for misery of the nation. We should simply not tolerate such mindsets that demean women.

9.12. A woman who is kept constrained in a home by noble men (husband, father, son) is still insecure. Thus it is futile to restrict women. Security of women would come only through her own capabilities and mindset.

This shloka explains the futility to attempting to restrict a woman to home in name of providing her security. On contrary, to secure her, she should be given the right training so that she can defend herself and avoid getting misled by bad company. The prevailing notion of cornering women within a small home is against Manu’s ideology.

Protection of Women

9.6. Even a weak husband should attempt to protect his wife.

9.5 Women should keep themselves away from vices. Because when women lose character, the entire society is destroyed.

5.149. A woman should always ensure that she is protected. It is duty of father, husband and son to protect her.

Please note that this protection does not imply restriction as clear from verse 9.12 cited in previous section. But a society that does not protect its womenfolk from attacks of perverts writes its own destiny of doom.

It is because of this inspiration that many a brave warriors laid their lives to protect the dignity of their women when butchers from West and Central Asia invaded our nation. The sacrifices of Alha-Udal and valor of Maharana Pratap brings a gush of glory in our blood.

Its a shame that despite such a chivalrous foundation of our culture, we have women either oppressed in backyard of homes or commoditized as sensual-items instigating lust. When we ourselves have turned invaders instead of protectors of dignity of women, who can help us! 

Marriage of Women

9.89. It is better to keep the daughter unmarried than force her to marry an undeserving person.

9.90-91. A woman can choose her own husband after attaining maturity. If her parents are unable to choose a deserving groom, she can herself choose her husband.

Thus the concept of parents deciding the groom for their daughter is against Manu. A mature daughter has full rights to choose her husband. Parents act as facilitators for the marriage and not final decision makers, as wrongly practiced in many societies.
Property Rights of Women

9.130. A daughter is equivalent to a son. In her presence, how can any one snatch away her right over the property.

9.131. A daughter alone has the right over personal property of her mother.

Thus, as per Manu, while daughter has equal share as her brothers over property of her father, she has exclusive rights over property of her mother. The reason for this special treatment of women is to ensure that women are never at mercy of anyone. After all happy dignified women form the foundation of a happy society!

9.212-213. If a person has no kins or wife, then his wealth be distributed equally among his brothers and sisters. If the elder brother refuses to give due share to other brothers and sisters, he is punishable by law.

To further ensure safety of women, Manu recommended harsh punishments for those who rob away wealth of a woman, even if they are her relatives.

8.28-29. If a woman is alone because she has no children, or no men to provide for her security in her family, or is widow, or whose husband has gone abroad, or who is unwell, then it is duty of the government to ensure her safety and security. If her wealth is robbed by her relatives or friends, then the government should provide strict punishment to the culprits and have her wealth returned back. 

Prohibition of Dowry

3.52. Those relatives who rob away or thrive on wealth, property, vehicles or dresses of a woman or her family are wiliest of people.

Thus any kind of dowry is a strict NO NO as per Manu Smruti. No one should dare attempt to take away the property of a woman.

The next shloka takes this concept further and states that even slightest exchange of tangible items amounts to sale/purchase and hence against principles of noble marriage. In fact Manu Smriti suggests that a marriage along with dowry is marriage of ‘Devils’ or Asuri Vivah.

Strict Punishment for harming Women

8.323. Those who abduct women should be given death sentence.

9.232. Those who kill women, children or scholarly virtuous people should be given strictest punishment.

8.352. Those who rape or molest women or incite them into adultery should be given harshest punishment that creates fear among others to even think of such a crime.

Interestingly, a judge of sessions court suggested  that castration seems the best punishment to prevent alarming increase in rape cases. Refer

We are in agreement with such a law.

8. 275. One should be punished if he puts false allegations or demeans mother, wife or daughter.

8.389. Those who abandon their mother, father, wife or children without any reasonable reason should face severe punishments. 

Ladies First

The concept of Ladies First seems to originate from Manu Smruti.

2.138. A man in a vehicle should give way to the following – aged person, diseased person, one carrying burden, groom, king, student and a woman.

3.114. One should feed the following even before feeding the guests – newly married women, girls, and pregnant women.

May we all work together to implement this true Manuvaad by showering respect and ensuring dignity of the motherly force. How else can prosperity be restored in the society, nation and world?

References: Works of Dr Surendra Kumar, Pt Gangaprasad Updhyaya, and Swami Dayanand Saraswati, visit Agni veer dot com for all such articles

1. “Swabhav ev narinam …..” – 2/213. It is the nature of women to seduce men in this world; for that reason the wise are never unguarded in the company of females.
2. “Avidvam samlam………..” – 2/214. Women, true to their class character, are capable of leading astray men in this world, not only a fool but even a learned and wise man. Both become slaves of desire.
3. “Matra swastra ………..” – 2/215. Wise people should avoid sitting alone with one’s mother, daughter or sister. Since carnal desire is always strong, it can lead to temptation.
4. “Naudwahay……………..” – 3/8. One should not marry women who has have reddish hair, redundant  parts of the body [such as six fingers], one who is often sick, one without hair or having excessive hair and one who has red eyes.
5. “Nraksh vraksh ………..” – 3/9. One should not marry women whose names are similar to constellations,  trees, rivers, those from a low caste, mountains, birds, snakes, slaves or those whose names inspires terror.
6. “Yasto na bhavet ….. …..” – 3/10. Wise men should not marry women who do not have a brother and whose parents are not socially well known.
7. “Uchayangh…………….” – 3/11. Wise men should marry only women who are free from bodily defects, with beautiful names, grace/gait like an elephant, moderate hair on the head and body, soft limbs and small teeth.
8. “Shudr-aiv bharya………” – 3/12.Brahman men can marry Brahman, Kshatriya, Vaish and even Shudra women but Shudra men can marry only Shudra women.
9. “Na Brahman kshatriya..” – 3/14. Although Brahman, Kshatriya and Vaish men have been allowed inter-caste marriages, even in distress they should not marry Shudra women.
10. “Heenjati striyam……..” – 3/15. When twice born [dwij=Brahman, Kshatriya and Vaish] men in their folly marry low caste Shudra women, they are responsible for the degradation of their whole family. Accordingly, their children adopt all the demerits of the Shudra caste.
11. “Shudram shaynam……” – 3/17. A Brahman who marries a Shudra woman, degrades himself and his whole family  ,becomes morally degenerated , loses Brahman status and his children too attain status  of shudra.
12. “Daiv pitrya………………” – 3/18. The offerings made by such a person at the time of established rituals are neither accepted by God nor by the departed soul; guests also refuse to have meals with him and he is bound to go to hell after death.
13. “Chandalash ……………” – 3/240. Food offered and served to Brahman after Shradh ritual should not be seen by a chandal, a pig, a cock,a dog, and a menstruating women.
14. “Na ashniyat…………….” – 4/43. A Brahman, true defender of his class, should not have his meals in the company of his wife  and even avoid looking at her. Furthermore, he should not look towards her when she is having her meals or when she sneezes/yawns.
15. “Na ajyanti……………….” – 4/44. A Brahman in order to preserve his energy and intellect, must not look at women who applies collyrium to her eyes, one who is massaging her nude body or one who is delivering a child.
16. “Mrshyanti…………….” – 4/217. One should not accept meals from a woman who has extra marital relations; nor from a family exclusively dominated/managed by women or a family whose 10 days of impurity because of death have not passed.
17. “Balya va………………….” – 5/150. A female child, young woman or old woman is not supposed to work independently even at her place of residence.
18. “Balye pitorvashay…….” – 5/151. Girls are supposed to be in the custody of their father when they are children, women must be under the custody of their husband when married and under the custody of her son as widows. In no circumstances is she allowed to assert herself independently.
19. “Asheela  kamvrto………” – 5/157. Men may be lacking virtue, be sexual perverts, immoral and devoid of any good qualities, and yet women must constantly worship and serve their husbands.
20. “Na ast strinam………..” – 5/158. Women have no divine right to perform any religious ritual, nor make vows or observe a fast. Her only duty is to obey and please her husband and she will for that reason alone be exalted in heaven.
21. “Kamam to………………” – 5/160. At her pleasure [after the death of her husband], let her emaciate her body by living only on pure flowers, roots of vegetables and fruits. She must not even mention the name of any other men after her husband has died.
22. “Vyabhacharay…………” – 5/167. Any women violating duty and code of conduct towards her husband, is disgraced and becomes a patient of leprosy. After death, she enters womb of Jackal.
23. “Kanyam bhajanti……..” – 8/364. In case women enjoy sex with a man from a higher caste, the act is not punishable. But on the contrary, if women enjoy sex with lower caste men, she is to be punished and kept in isolation.
24. “Utmam sevmansto…….” – 8/365. In case a man from a lower caste enjoys sex with a woman from a higher caste, the person in question is to be awarded the death sentence. And if a person satisfies his carnal desire with women of his own caste, he should be asked to pay compensation to the women’s faith.
25. “Ya to kanya…………….” – 8/369. In case a woman tears the membrane [hymen] of her Vagina, she shall instantly have her head shaved or two fingers cut off and made to ride on Donkey.
26. “Bhartaram…………….” – 8/370. In case a women, proud of the greatness of her excellence or her relatives, violates her duty towards her husband, the King shall arrange to have her thrown before dogs at a public place.
27. “Pita rakhshati……….” – 9/3. Since women are not capable of living independently, she is to be kept under the custody of her father as child, under her husband as a woman and under her son as widow.
28. “Imam hi sarw………..” – 9/6. It is the duty of all husbands to exert total control over their wives. Even physically weak husbands must strive to control their wives.
29. “Pati bharyam ……….” – 9/8. The husband, after the conception of his wife, becomes the embryo and is born again of her. This explains why women are called Jaya.
30. “Panam durjan………” – 9/13. Consuming liquor, association with wicked persons, separation from her husband, rambling around, sleeping for unreasonable hours and dwelling -are six demerits of women.
31. “Naita rupam……………” – 9/14. Such women are not loyal and have extra marital relations with men without consideration for their age.
32. “Poonshchalya…………” – 9/15. Because of their passion for men, immutable temper and natural heartlessness, they are not loyal to their husbands.
33. “Na asti strinam………” – 9/18. While performing namkarm and jatkarm, Vedic mantras are not to be recited by women, because women are lacking in strength and knowledge of Vedic texts. Women are impure and represent falsehood.
34. “Devra…sapinda………” – 9/58. On failure to produce offspring with her husband, she may obtain offspring by cohabitation with her brother-in-law [devar] or with some other relative [sapinda] on her in-law’s side.
35. “Vidwayam…………….” – 9/60. He who is appointed to cohabit with a widow shall approach her at night, be anointed  with clarified butter and silently beget one son, but by no means a second one.
36. “Yatha vidy……………..” – 9/70. In accordance with established law, the sister-in-law [bhabhi] must be clad in white garments; with pure intent her brother-in-law [devar] will cohabitate with her until she conceives.
37. “Ati kramay……………” – 9/77. Any women who disobey orders of her lethargic, alcoholic and diseased husband shall be deserted for three months and be deprived of her ornaments.
38. “Vandyashtamay…….” – 9/80. A barren wife may be superseded in the 8thyear; she whose children die may be superseded in the 10th year and she who bears only daughters may be superseded in the 11th year;  but she who is quarrelsome may be superseded without delay.
39. “Trinsha……………….” – 9/93. In case of any problem in performing religious rites, males between the age of 24 and 30 should marry a female between the age of 8 and 12.
40. “Yambrahmansto…….” – 9/177. In case a Brahman man marries Shudra woman, their son will be called ‘Parshav’ or ‘Shudra’ because his social existence is like a dead body. 

Three allegations on Manu Smriti
There are 3 major allegations on Manu Smruti:

1. Manu founded the caste-system based on birth.

2. Manu legalized harsh punishments for Shudras and special provisions for upper-castes and especially Brahmins.

3. Manu was anti-women and condemned them. He accorded inferior rights to women. 

Let us now review these allegations using evidences from Manu Smriti itself.
In this article, we shall review the first allegation – that Manu was the founder of the birth-based caste system. 

1. Manu Smriti hails from an era when even the concept of birth-based caste system did not exist. Thus Manu Smriti nowhere supports a social system based on birth. Maharshi Manu took inspiration from Vedas (refer Rigveda 10.10.11-12, Yajurveda 31.10-11, Atharvaveda 19.6.5-6) and proposed a social system based on qualities, actions and nature of the individual.

Manu Smruti and Caste System
2. This is called Varna System. Now the very word Varna derived from root word “Vrinja” means “Choice“. A similar usage happens in common used word “Varan” meaning “choosing” or “Var” meaning a husband chosen by the girl. This also shows that in Vedic system the girl had complete rights to choose her husband.

3. The biggest proof of Manu Smriti proposing Varna System and NOT Caste System is that in the first Chapter of Manu Smriti, there is mention of origin of 4 Varnas and no mention of castes or gotras. Had caste or gotra been important, Manu would have mentioned which castes belong to Brahmins, which to Kshatriyas, which to Vaishyas and which to Shudras. 

This also means that those who feel proud in calling themselves Brahmins or upper-caste by birth have no evidence to prove so. They can at best prove that a few generations of their forefathers used to also call themselves upper-caste. But there is no way to prove that they were upper-castes since inception of civilization. And when they cannot prove so, what right do they have to allege that a so-called birth-based Shudra was also not a Brahmin several generations ago? And that they themselves were not Shudras a few generation ago! 

4. In fact Manu Smruti 3.109 clearly states that one who eats by glorifying his Gotra or Family is considered an eater of his own vomit. Thus, as per the Manu Smriti that the self-proclaimed birth-based Brahmins or upper-castes believe in, the very act of glorifying their lineage or gotra to demand special privileges makes them deserving of condemnation. 

5. Manu Smriti 2.136 states that one earns respect due to wealth, company, age, actions and knowledge in increasing order. There is no mention of family, gotra, caste, lineage and other non-factors to demand or earn respect. 

Migration within Varnas
6. Manu Smriti 10.65 asserts that Brahmin can become Shudra and Shudra can become Brahmin. Similarly Kshtariyas and Vaishyas can also change their Varnas.

7. Manu Smruti 9.335: If a Shudra (uneducated) serves the educated ones, is polite, devoid of ego and stays in respectful company of knowledgeable ones, he/ she is considered as having a noble birth and stature.

8. There are several shlokas in Manusmriti that state that a person belonging to high Varna falls down to level of a Shudra (uneducated) if he does not conduct noble deeds. For example,

2.104: A person who does not worship the Supreme Lord twice daily should be considered a Shudra.

2.172. He who has not been initiated with teaching of the Vedas is a Sudra.

4.245: A Brahmin acquires brilliance through company of noble persons and avoiding bad company. On contrary, if he indulges in bad company, he becomes a Shudra.

Thus clearly, Brahmin refers to a scholarly person who conducts noble deeds. And Shudra refers to an uneducated person. This has nothing to do with birth in any manner.

2.168: A Brahmin, Kshatriya or Vaishya who puts efforts in other areas except understanding and following the Vedic precepts becomes a Shudra and his future generations also suffer from ignorance of Vedas. 

Thus, as per Manu Smriti, almost the entire population of India today, barring few exceptions, is Shudra because we do not abide by the Vedic concepts and are indulged in anti-Vedic activities – corruption, casteism, selfishness, superstitions, irrationality, gender-discrimination, sycophancy, immorality etc. 

2.126: Even if he is a Brahmin otherwise, a person who does not politely respond to a greeting is actually a Shudra (uneducated person). 

Even Shudras can teach

9. Though Shudra means an uneducated person, a Shudra can also become a teacher for specific knowledge that he has. For example,

2.238: One should acquire knowledge even from a person born in a low family otherwise. Similarly, one should accept a noble woman as wife even if her family is otherwise not up to mark.

2.241. If needed, one may acquire knowledge from one who is not a Brahmin; and that he shall follow and serve such a teacher, as long as the instruction lasts.

Status of Brahmin is acquired by deeds and not by name

10. As per Manu Smriti, one has to earn the qualification of Brahmin. During childhood, parents are supposed to send their children for specialized education of Brahmin, Kshatriya or Vaishya depending on observed nature of children. So many Brahmin parents may desire that their children also become Brahmins. However that is not sufficient. One becomes Brahmin only if he completes the education and not merely by taking birth in a Brahmin family or taking admission in Brahmin course of a gurukul. 

2.157: A Brahmin devoid of education is equivalent to an elephant made of wood or a deer made of leather. They are merely namesake and not real. 

2.28: The body is made fit to be called Brahmin only through study of scriptures, discipline, noble selfless deeds, study of duties, science and meditation, charity and goal oriented actions. 

Education is true birth
11. As per Manu, actual birth happens after completion of education. All human beings are Shudras or uneducated when born. Those who complete their education are supposed to have a new birth. Thus they are called Dwija or Twice Born. Those who were unable to complete the education remain Shudra. This has nothing to do with birth or heredity. This is pure meritocracy.
2.148: When a teacher who is well-versed in Vedas teaches a student the science of Gayatri (that summarizes all principles of Vedas and rational living), then the actual birth of the student takes place. This birth is free from risks of death or destruction and leads the student to immortality.

Thus, forget about being a Brahmin, Kshatriya or Vaishya, one is not considered even a human unless he/she receives education.
2.146: The teacher who provides education is a father who is much greater than the father who gave birth. The knowledge provided by the teacher remains with the soul even after the death and leads him to immortality. But the body provided by father destroys when death comes.

2.147: The birth that happens from womb of mother after parents desire for procreation is an ordinary birth. Real birth happens when the person completes his education.

Thus, citing lineage to showcase casteist superiority is an extremely foolish act as per Manu Smruti. Instead of quoting the clan, one becomes superior by showcasing that he is more educated.

10.4: Brahmin, Kashtriya and Vaishya take second birth after education. Shudra who could not complete education is fourth Varna. There is no fifth Varna among Arya or noble people.

This also means that merely because a person did not complete education does not make him a villain. He is still regarded as a noble person if his deeds are noble.
And if he completes the education, he can become a Dwija as well. Thus Shudra is an adjective and NOT a nomenclature for any castes.

Never insult anyone born in lower family

12. To further ensure that one is not insulted or denied opportunities merely because he/she was born in a family where others did not excel in education, wealth or other parameters of success in society, Maharshi Manu laid the rule very clearly:

4.141: Never deny respect and/or rights to a person who is handicapped, uneducated, aged, not handsome, not wealthy or coming from a lower family. These are NOT the parameters to judge a person.

Examples of Varna migration in ancient history

13. The concept of Varnas – Brahmin, Kshatriya, Vaishya, Shudra – being merit based and NOT birth based is not merely a theoretical concept. It was practiced in ancient era. The greatest misery befell on us when our misguided ancestors converted this scientific meritocracy into a foolish birth-based system causing all the miseries we face today. 

Here are some examples:

a. Aitareya Rishi was son of a Daasa or criminal but became a Brahmin of highest order and wrote Aitareya Brahman and Aitareyopanishad. Aitareya Brahman is considered critical to understand Rigveda.

b. Ailush Rishi was son of a Daasi, gambler and of low character. However he researched on Rigveda and made several discoveries. Not only was he invited by Rishis but also made an Acharya. (Aitareya Brahman 2.19)

c. Satyakaam Jaabaal was son of a prostitute but became a Brahmin.

d. Prishadh was son of King Daksha but became a Shudra. Further he did Tapasya to achieve salvation after repenting. (Vishnu Puran 4.1.14)

Had Tapasya been banned for Shudra as per the fake story from Uttar Ramayan, how could Prishadh do so?
e. Nabhag, son of King Nedishtha became Vaishya. Many of his sons again became Kshatriya. (Vishnu Puran 4.1.13)

f. Dhrist was son of Nabhag (Vaishya) but became Brahmin and his son became Kshatriya (VP 4.2.2)

g. Further in his generation, some became Brahmin again (VP 9.2.23)

h. As per Bhagvat, Agniveshya became Brahmin though born to a king.

i. Rathotar born in Kshatriya family became a Brahmin as per Vishnu Puran and Bhagvat.

j. Haarit became Brahmin though born to Kshatriya (VP 4.3.5)

k. Shaunak became Brahmin though born in Kshatriya family. (VP 4.8.1). In fact, as per Vayu Puran, Vishnu Puran and Harivansh Puran, sons of Shaunak Rishi belonged to all four Varnas.

Similar examples exist of Gritsamad, Veethavya and Vritsamati.

l. Matanga was son of Chandal but became a Brahmin. (Mahabharat Anushasan Parva Chapter 3)

m. Raavan was born from Pulatsya Rishi but became a Rakshas.

n. Pravriddha was son of Raghu King but became a Rakshas.

o. Trishanku was a king but became a Chandal.

p. Sons of Vishwamitra became Shudra. Vishwamitra himself was a Kshatriya who later became a Brahmin.

q. Vidur was son of a servant but became a Brahmin and minister of Hastinapur empire.

r. Vatsa became a Rishi though born to a Shudra (Aitareya Brahman 2.19)

s. Many verses of adulterated Manu Smriti (10.43-44) state that certain castes were earlier Kshtariya but became Shudra later. These verses are adulterated but prove that concept of Varna migration did exist. The castes mentioned are: Paundrak, Audru, Dravid, Kamboj, Yavan, Shak, Parad, Palhava, Cheen, Kirat, Darad, Khash.

t. Mahabharat Anushasana Parva 35.17-18 adds the following to above list: Mekal, Laat, Kanvashira, Shaundik, Daarva, Chaur, Shabar, Barbar.

u. Several gotras are common across Brahmins, Kshatriya, Vaishya and Dalits implying that all of them hailed from same family but rather got entrapped in the stupid casteism.

Respect for Shudras 

14. Manu was a great humanitarian. He knew that not all Shudras miss their education deliberately. He also understood that just because one ignored education in early part of his life does not mean that he should be penalized for that mistake for entire life. Thus he ensured that even Shudras get their due respect in society. Thus he never used any insulting adjective for Shudras. On contrary their are several instances of Manu using respectful adjectives for Shudras.

Being vulnerable due to lack of education, Shudras deserve greater sensitivity in treatment from rest of the society as per Manu. We have seen some examples of these earlier.

Here are some more:

3.112: If a Shudra or Vaishya comes as a guest, the family should feed him with due respect.

3.116: A householder should eat from remaining food only after he has fed the scholars and servants (Shudras) to their satisfaction.

2.137: A very old Shudra deserves more respect than anyone else regardless of their wealth, company, age, actions or knowledge. This special provision is accorded only to Shudra.

Vedas are foundation of Manu Smruti

That is why Vedas are accorded such high importance in our culture. Vedas form the foundation of everything else and hence if Vedas are conserved, other texts can be derived by seers in future as well.

16. Thus the benchmark for interpreting any other scriptural text is the Vedas. They are to be interpreted and accepted only to extent they comply with Vedas. This is true for ALL texts including Smritis, Brahmans, Mahabharat, Ramayan, Geeta, Upanishads, Ayurveda, Neeti Shastra, Darshans etc.

17. Manu himself announces in the Manu Smruti that Vedas alone form the foundation of Dharma. Refer 2.8-2.11

(Manu 2.8: A learned man after fully scrutinising all this with the eye of knowledge, should, in accordance with the authority of the Vedas, intent on the performance of his duties.)

Thus, it becomes clear that Manu Smruti has to be interpreted ONLY in lines with Vedas.

Shudras have right to study Vedas and conduct Vedic rituals

18. Vedas very clearly provide right to Shudras (and women) – in fact entire humanity – to study Vedas and conduct Vedic rituals like Yajna. Refer Yajurveda 26.1, Rigveda 10.53.4, Nirukta 3.8 etc.

Thus Manu Smriti also supports the same Vedic truth. That is why nowhere in the context of Upanayan (education initiation) does Manu forbid Upanayan or sacred thread for Shudras. On contrary, one who refuses to accept Sacred Thread of education is called a Shudra!

19. In lines with Vedas, Manu also orders the ruler to ensure that the salary and perks of Shudras be never reduced in any circumstance. (7.125-126, 8.216)


To summarize, the assumption of Manu formulating a birth-based caste system is baseless. On contrary, Manu Smruti is vehemently against any reference to family or birth to judge a person. The Varna system of Manu is a pure meritocracy.

Each human has all the 4 Varnas – Brahmin, Kshatriya, Vaishya and Shudra. Manu attempted to organize the predominant Varna of each individual in social context in a manner that aids individual and collective uplift.One can move from any Varna to other Varna at any point of time. This is natural segregation in any society at any point of time in world.

We shall review the other two allegations on Manu prescribing harsh punishments for Shudras and preferential treatment for Brahmins; and being anti-woman in subsequent articles.

But we would like to conclude this part from what Manu himself said about fraud and wrong practices.

He says in 4.30 that frauds, wrong practices, deceit, perversion and falsehood should not be respected even by words.

Caste system based on birth is one of the most disgusting fraudulent deceitful perverted and false practices to exist among civilized human beings. And thus, as per Manu and as per Vedas, one should work to destroy this criminal practice by all means – harshest words and strongest actions. To show soft corner to birth-based caste system even in words is against Manu.

Before end, it is demanded to explain those perverted verses of Manu Smriti that are quoted everywhere to justify birth-based casteism and gender discrimination. Hundreds of such shlokas from Manu Smruti can be provided.

Chicago, April 27, 2016.
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